Microcontroller based automatic street light control system

However, with the advancement of technology, particularly in the field of microcontrollers, all the activities in our day to day living have become a part of information and microcontrollers are found at each and every application [4]. Automatic Street Light Control System is a simple yet powerful concept, which uses transistor as a switch.

They will also enable custom tailored engineering solutions, creating a revolutionary way of disseminating and processing information. We want to save power automatically instead of doing manual. It automatically switches OFF lights whenever the sunlight comes, visible to our eyes.

This prevents current from flowing to the base of the transistors. The resistance of the LDR sensor drops down with more light it receives. Every vehicle crossing the IR sensor will be counting and the decision will be making based on the number of vehicles across the sensor.

By using this as the basic principle we can design centralized intelligent system for the perfect usage of streetlights in any place Viz Village, Town can be developed. Two cadmium sulphide cds photoconductive cells with spectral response similar to that of the human eye.

This system demonstrates the usage of the LEDs light emitting diodes as the light source and its variable intensity control, according to the requirement. The load is connected between pin 1 of BT and neutral wire.

Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights

Manual control of street light is prone to errors and leads to energy wastages and manually dimming during midnight is impracticable. If the system has traffic speed sensors then this information could be used to manage traffic speed via the dimming of the streetlights if the average traffic speeds is too fast during evening and night hoursthis could be used to trigger a slight dimming of strretlights.

Maximum resistance, about 1Mohm. And use of microcontroller to control whole thing like when street light should glow and when it off automatically.

But, as there is no one to turn them on and off at odd timings, they are on for almost 12 hours a day, which is utter wastage of electrical energy. The system basically consists of a 1.

This project will be achieved using the following set objectives: It often runs with limited computer hardware resources: Automation is intended to reduce man power with the help of intelligent systems. With new technologies and devices come new business activities, and the need for employees in these technological areas.

The collector pin is connected to pin 2 of the Arduino. For this we are using Light Dependent Resistor LDR as the light sensor, which communicates with the required information to the micro controller. So we can feel here Opamp work as an analog to digital converter it gives two state high or low to microcontroller depending upon LDR feed.

Automatic street light control by pic microcontroller

The resulting free electron and its hole partner conduct electricity, thereby lowering resistance. At pin 1, there is an anode of inbuilt LED and at Pin 2 is the cathode of it.

Minimum resistance, about ohm. There are many light sensors available in market but Light dependent resistor LDR is used as a light sensor.

Inefficient street lighting wastes significant financial resources every year, and poor lighting creates unsafe conditions. Recovery rate When an LDR is brought from a certain illuminating level into total darkness, the resistance does not increase immediately to the dark value.

In microcontroller we write program that when it receives high voltage from Opamp Street light will be off and when it receives low voltage from Opamp Street light will be on. Microcontroller based projects Tools: When the light fallson the LDR it sends the commands to themicrocontroller that it should be in the OFF statethen it switch OFF the light, the photoelectric sensorwill be used to turn ON or OFF the light according to the presence or absent of the object.

The LDR is a variable resistor whose resistance decreases with the increase in light intensity. Followings are the main components of automatic control of street lights:. Microcontroller Based Temperature Sensing and Alarming System Monitoring the temperature of a room is a critical task to ensure the performance of the server is n.

Microcontroller Based Home Security System. design energy efficient based controller for controlling the Light Emitting Diode (LED) based street lamp via appropriate lighting levels control.

This system consists of a microcontroller, light sensor, PIR sensor and a set of the LED module. automatic street light control using ldr This project aims at designing and executing the advanced development in embedded systems for energy saving of street lights with light depending resistor.

Microcontroller Projects

Nowadays, human has become too busy and he is unable to find time even to switch the lights. White Light Emitting Diode (LED) based lamps are soon replacing the HID lamps in street light.

Intensity control is also possible by Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) generated by the microcontroller. Sensors used on either side of the road senses vehicle movement and sends logic commands to microcontroller to switch ON/OFF the LEDs.

GSM based street light monitoring & control system is an automated system designed to increase the efficiency and accuracy of an industry by automatically timed controlled Switching of street lights. microcontroller based automatic street light control system, inverter power supply microcontroller circuit design, custom power devices for power quality improvement theory control algorithms and applications, power plants and power systems control by k y lee.

Microcontroller based automatic street light control system
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